Utah Fertilization Suggestions

Fertilizer is one of the greatest secrets to have a beautiful, lush lawn. It may seem simple, but there is actually a delicate balance. More fertilizer is not necessarily better. Over fertilization can harm your plants and pollute streams and groundwater.  The key is to use the right amount of fertilizer at the right times.

Bags of fertilizer have the nutrients they contain listed on a label. This is usually expressed as a series of three numbers, such as 12-10-6, which represents the percentages of nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium, respectively. There is no one type of fertilizer that is “best” – it depends on the needs of your lawn. The best way to know what your lawn needs is to do a soil test. If you cannot do a soil test, the next best thing to do is determine what type of soil you have in your yard.

The two main types of soil are clay and sand. Most soils will fall somewhere on a spectrum between the two characteristics. Clay soil puddles water and has a smooth texture. Sandy soil feels gritty and absorbs water more easily. In Utah, clay soils typically have sufficient supplies of phosphate and potassium, but require additional nitrogen. Sandy soils are often deficient in all three nutrients.

Nitrogen is the most important of these nutrients. Plants that lack nitrogen will be slow to grow and will be yellow-green in color. Unfortunately, soil tests cannot detect the level of nitrogen, so you will have to determine the correct amount through trial and error. Typically in Utah, you should apply 1 pound of nitrogen every 4 weeks per 1,000 square feet. Begin fertilizing by the end of April and continue through the summer. An application of fertilizer in the fall will help your yard endure the winter and prepare it to bloom in the spring.

Use a spreader to apply fertilizer to your lawn. The bag of fertilizer usually tells the best spreader setting to use. Only fertilize when the grass is dry, otherwise you will burn the plants. To prevent streaks, fertilize in two directions, 90 degrees to each other. You should also apply grass clippings, which are another great source of nitrogen.

If your grass starts yellowing in the middle of summer, you probably have an iron deficiency. Dissolve 2 tablespoons of iron sulfate into 3 gallons of water per 1,000 square feet and use this mixture to water your lawn. To help with the absorption, avoid watering again for at least 24 hours and try to plan around rain and storms. Take care to avoid your sidewalks and driveway as iron sulfate and cause permanent rust stains on them.

With fertilization, you can have the beautiful, green yard that your neighbors will envy. All States Landscaping provides utah fertilization programs that can help. These programs help your plants grow while controlling weeds and insects. They also specialize in deep root treatments to stimulate large, strong growth of trees and shrubbery. You can see sample of All States’ work and request an estimate at their website.